Oasis Pool Care

Saturation Index

The Saturation Index: Also called the Langelier Index, this chemical equation or formula is used to diagnose the water balance in the pool. The formula is SI = pH+TF+CF+AF-12.1. To calculate the Saturation Index, test the water for pH, temperature, calcium hardness and total alkalinity. Refer to a chart for assigned values for your temperature, hardness and alkalinity readings and add these to your pH value. Subtract 12.1, which is the constant value assigned to Total Dissolved Solids, and a resultant number will be produced. 

A result between -0.3 and +0.5 is said to indicate balanced water. Results outside of these parameters require adjustment to one or more chemical components to achieve balance. This formula is not foolproof, however. Some readings for pH, calcium and alkalinity which, taken individually would be considered to be well beyond recommendations, can combine within the formula to produce "balanced water" even when in fact, it is not.

 Regardless, the SI can be used to pinpoint potential water balance problems.

Click on a chemical parameter to learn more: pH | Alkalinity | Calcium Hardness | Saturation Index

For a Free Pool Consultation, Call Today!
941-321-9188 Proudly Servicing Pools In:

Bradenton FL * Lakewood Ranch FL * Parrish FL * And Out East

Specializing in Weekly Pool Service. We Understand...
  • Filters, Pumps, Motors & Timers 
  • Salt Pools & Automation Systems
  • Prompt Professional Service